Lots of children have been role playing around the theme of escaping volcanoes this week so we decided to extend our knowledge about volcanoes and carry out some research.
First, we generated some questions –
Why do volcanoes erupt?
Why do volcanoes have smoke?
Why do volcanoes shoot out fire?
What is lava?
Where are the volcanoes? Are there any volcanoes in Sheffield?
We then used the internet and books to find out the answers to our questions.
First, we researched the different countries where volcanoes are and found out that there are no active volcanoes in England. We looked at lots of videos showing volcanoes erupting and were happy that we don’t need to worry about it happening near us. Miss Parker and Miss Deighton showed us some pictures of some volcanoes from their holidays…. when they visited the volcanoes in Italy and Hawaii they were not erupting so they didn’t need to worry about getting hurt either.
We looked on the internet to find out why volcanoes erupt- can you tell your grown-ups what you learned?
We found out that lava is very hot rock which has turned liquid and this is why it flows down the side of volcanoes. Can you remember what happens to lava when it cools down?
We also found out that when volcanoes are formed they sometimes make Islands, we watched a movie on youtube which showed us how this happens.
We found out that volcanoes don’t erupt fire. We learned that the magma inside the Earth is pushed up towards the surface and when it explodes out it becomes molten lava. Because the lava is very hot it burns anything it touches and causes smoke.
Some children made their own volcanoes using different materials.
We also decided to make a class volcano – first we used a bottle and paper mache to form a volcano shape, then we painted it. We put bicarbonate soda in the bottom of the bottle and poured vinegar on top. Can you remember what happened next?
After that, we decided to write stories about how we could escape an exploding volcano. We talked about how stories are structured and what we need to include in the beginning, middle and end of our story. Can you remember what to include in the beginning, middle and end of a story?
We shared our ideas and planned our story. We decided that the character was going to be Miss Deighton and the setting was going to be a volcano in Africa. We decided that our problem was going to be the volcano erupting and we decided that we would solve the problem by Miss Deighton going home. Finally, we wrote our story on the Interactive Whiteboard using our phonics knowledge.
What have we been learning?
About environments around the world and how they differ to ours.
About rocks and how they are formed.
About different properties of materials – gas, liquid and solid.
About the structure of stories.
Practicing how to use our phonics to write sentences.
What you can do at home:
Try out the experiment yourself.
Talk to your child about the natural world and changes to the environment.